Festival of Geopolitics 

March 25-28, 2020 Grenoble, France
Paul Manwaring will deliver a paper that asks the question: Smart Cities versus Smart Citizens are 
Living Labs the answer?  If we are going to create sustainable value in urban environments we will 
have to radically change our thinking from a top-down / bottom-up to a more egalitarian side by side approach.
He will explain productive dynamic between socio economic power and the power of the crowd in Living Labs.